A Methodology for Extracting Standing Human Bodies From Single Images

Segmentation of human bodies in images is a challenging task that can facilitate numerous applications, like scene understanding and activity recognition. In order to cope with the highly dimensional pose space, scene complexity, and various human appearances, the majority of existing works require computationally complex training and template matching processes.
We propose a bottom-up methodology for automatic extraction of human bodies from single images, in the case of almost upright poses in cluttered environments. The position, dimensions, and color of the face are used for the localization of the human body, construction of the models for the upper and lower body according to anthropometric constraints, and estimation of the skin color.
Different levels of segmentation granularity are combined to extract the pose with highest potential. The segments that belong to the human body arise through the joint estimation of the foreground and background during the body part search phases, which alleviates the need for exact shape matching. The performance of our algorithm is measured using 40 images (43 persons) from the INRIA person dataset and 163 images from the “lab1” dataset, where the measured accuracies are 89.53% and 97.68%, respectively. Qualitative and quantitative experimental results demonstrate that our methodology outperforms state-of-the-art interactive and hybrid top-down/bottom-up approaches.